PROFESSIONAL SHORT COURSE IN INTEGRATED WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT IN AFRICA

PROFESSIONAL SHORT COURSE IN INTEGRATED WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT IN AFRICA

Brief Background
The West African Centre for Water, Irrigation and Sustainable Agriculture (WACWISA), an African Centre of Excellence based at the University for Development Studies, Tamale – Ghana in partnership with the African Water Corridor of the TU Delft in The Netherlands is organizing five (5) days Professional Short Course in Integrated Water Resources Management in Africa. The goal of this professional short course is to build the capacities of participants to better understand how to sustainably manage water resources for multi-purpose use within the context of climate change and climate variability. The course will run from 30th November, 2020 to 4th December, 2020.

Link To Register:  https://wacren.zoom.us/meeting/register/u5Mrd-iqqTgrGNbCKIdU4W54oqCPT3fGLyvD

Course Structure
The five (5) days course will be delivered through online which will include live lectures and participated led case studies and field practical visits.

Mode of Delivery and Assessment
The course will be delivered on modular basis via a combination of online lectures/power point presentations/short videos and participant-led case studies as well as remotely assisted field training. The course assessment will be via online in Google forms as well as reading assignments. There will be live sessions/chat rooms for questions and answers.

 

Description of Course Modules
1. Climate Change and the Hydrological Cycle – Prof. Gordana Kranjac-Berisavljevic
Climate change shapes the water cycle in most of Africa into new directions. During this module participants will be taught how climate change is changing hydrological cycles not only at the international level, but also regional and country levels. The whole hydrological cycle shall be discussed and the importance of accurate weather data collection shall be taught.  Basic information on weather and climate will be taught using the characteristics of the Savanna agro-climate in northern Ghana as an example. Examples of recent deviations in climate parameters from the norm will be used for illustrations and also examples from participants. Effects of these changes on water resources, other natural assets, biodiversity and livelihoods will be explored. Adaptation strategies and management methods will be explored– examples. Thus, the objectives of this module are to help participants better understand and appreciate the:

a) Global climate change and how it influences the regional weather patterns
b) Hydrological cycle in Northern Ghana
c) Different methods of weather data collection.

2. River & Dam Management – Prof. Felix K. Abagale
Perennial rivers (e.g. Volta) are the most important sources of water across Africa and the world generally. Where groundwater is not easily accessed or of poor quality, rivers are the main water source both for agriculture and for drinking water for the cities across the region. Due to climate change and human exploitation the river flow regime is changing in many places. Heavy rain events that cause flooding are more frequent while during the dry periods the flow is come minimal and the risk of pollution increases. The situation is further exacerbated by sand winning, gold mining and other human activities, especially in the river catchment. The objectives of this module is to build the capacity of the participants to better understand:

a) The hydrological cycle and river management
b) Catchment management
c) Flood control measures and policies (flood warning systems)
d) The different river projects such as:
i.   Creation of wetland to increase flow during dry seasons
ii.  Space for the river (see Netherlands) about flood control
e) The model of successful river system management for experiential learning.

3. Water Retention/Harvesting – Prof. Abdul-Ganiyu Shaibu
During the rainy season, in African context much water is lost as runoff, while in the dry season water shortage that has to be supplemented using irrigation. Therefore, there is a great potential for expansion of water retention/harvesting practices so that water can be used during the dry season for crop production and related uses. In this module, the participants will have their capacities built to understand:

a)     The geohydrology and the hydrological cycle as related to water retention/harvesting
b)    Relief/soils and vegetation of the area as related to water harvesting
c)     (geo)-hydrological models used for estimation of runoff/catchment water yield
d)    The different water retention/harvesting techniques (traditional and modern)

4. Water Recovery – Prof. Jules van Lier
Waste water is a valuable resource, especially in water scarce areas. The water recovery potential in sub-Saharan Africa is great, but not yet fully exploited. In this module the capacity of participants will be built on:

a)     WHO guidelines for use of wastewater in agriculture and recent developments
b)    Urban waste water cycle and waste treatment solutions
c)     How to start different water recoveries projects
d)    The different water recovery technologies
e)     The potential of nutrient recovery techniques in irrigated crop production

5. Smart Irrigation – Prof. Nick van de Giesen
Agriculture is an important economic driver in most of Africa and provides the main financial income for many in the region. Rainfed agriculture on the continent suffers from unfavourable climate conditions. Water stress for most of the crops is a constant danger for the farmers. The objective of this module is to build the capacity of participants to better understand the:

a)     Crop water requirements (Soil moisture balance and evaporation losses etc.)
b)    Main irrigation methods
c)     Challenges associated with different irrigation methods within African context
d)    Use of ‘smart’ approach in irrigated agriculture (i.e., sensors, water saving techniques, tuning irrigation to crop needs, selection of equipment and crop varieties, Fert irrigation, etc) to improve yields and reduce water losses

6. Urban Water Distribution Networks – Dr. Doris van Halem
Many cities in Africa are supplied with drinking water from surface sources, such as rivers and dams. Water is lost during the transportation due to leakages and diverting of water for non -essential purposes. Energy needed in production of potable water is also used inefficiently and most systems are outmoded. There are also other challenges with engineering, building and maintain distribution networks.  In this module the participants will learn about:

a)     Energy needed to produce potable water
b)     Distribution networks and how to engineer them
c)     Non-revenue water losses and policies to prevent it
d)    How to model a distribution network

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